Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Recycling, recovery and reprocessing of waste materials for making some new useful products. It is a cyclic process for producing a recycled material. In unwanted waste materials are recycled, and their processing or produce into new products, and the purchase of those products, which may then itself be recycled. Different type substance is recycled on process they are iron and metal scrap, aluminum cans, glass bottles, paper, wood, and plastics. The materials are reused in recycling assist as replacement for raw materials bought from such increasingly limited herbal assets as petroleum, herbal gas, coal, mineral ores, and trees. Recycling can help to reduce the part of strong waste settled in landfills, which have become increasingly expensive. Recycling also decrease the pollution of air, water, and land ensuing from waste discarding.


  • Track 1-1 Reduce: Ideas on how to use less
  • Track 1-2Reuse: Upcycling ideas
  • Track 1-3Recycle: how to recycle odds and ends
  • Track 1-4Organic and inorganic material decompose
  • Track 1-5conserve resources
  • Track 1-6waste audit
  • Track 1-7The Arctic
  • Track 1-8Biogas

Electronic waste, or e-squander is a term used to depict any electronic contraption that is out of date, outdated, broken, gave, discarded, or towards the complete of its supportive life. This consolidates cell phones, PCs, compact PCs, PDAs, screens, TVs, printers, scanners, and some other electrical device. One of the genuine troubles is reusing the printed circuit sheets from the electronic misuses. The circuit sheets contain such important metals as gold, silver, platinum, etc and such base metals as copper, press, aluminum, etc.

  • Track 2-1E-waste: Hazardous and Non-Hazardous
  • Track 2-2Telecommunication waste
  • Track 2-3Electrical waste
  • Track 2-4Electronic waste
  • Track 2-5Cable waste
  • Track 2-6E-waste recycling

Recycling codes are used to identify the material from which an item is made, to facilitate easier recycling or Other reprocessing. Having a recycling code, the chasing arrows logo or a resin code on an item is not an automatic indicator that a material is recyclable but rather an explanation of what the item is. Such symbols have been defined for batteries, biomatter/organic material, glass, metals, paper, and plastics Various countries have adopted different codes. For example, the table below shows the polymer resin codes (plastic) for a country. In the United States there are fewer, as ABS is grouped in with others in group 7. Other countries have a more granular recycling code system. For example, China's polymer identification system has seven different classifications of plastic, five different symbols for post-consumer paths, and 140 identification codes. The lack of codes in some countries has encouraged those who can fabricate their own plastic products, such as RepRap and other prosumer 3-D printer users, to adopt a voluntary recycling code based on the more comprehensive Chinese system.


  • Track 3-1Technical specifications
  • Track 3-2Quick setup
  • Track 3-3Monitoring
  • Track 3-4Remote control
  • Track 3-5Recycling and disposal

Environmental issues are harmful effects of human activity on the biophysical environmentEnvironmental protection is a practice of protecting the natural environment on individual, organizational or governmental levels, for the benefit of both the environment and humans. Environmentalism, a social and environmental movement, addresses environmental issues through advocacy, education and activism.

The carbon dioxide equivalent of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere has already exceeded 400 parts per million (NOAA). The amount of greenhouse gas in the atmosphere is possibly above the threshold that can potentially cause climate change. The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) has stated "Climate change is not just a distant future threat. It is the main driver behind rising humanitarian needs, and we are seeing its impact. The number of people affected, and the damages inflicted by extreme weather has been unprecedented.


  • Track 4-1Land use
  • Track 4-2Nanotechnology
  • Track 4-3Natural disasters
  • Track 4-4Nuclear issues
  • Track 4-5Pollution
  • Track 4-6Climate change
  • Track 4-7Human overpopulation
  • Track 4-8Hydrology
  • Track 4-9Intensive farming

Bioremediation is a process used to treat contaminated media, including water, soil and subsurface material, by altering environmental conditions to stimulate growth of microorganisms and degrade the target pollutants. In many cases, bioremediation is less expensive and more sustainable than other remediation alternatives. Biological treatment is a similar approach used to treat wastes including wastewater, industrial waste and solid waste.

Most bioremediation processes involve oxidation-reduction reactions where either an electron acceptor is added to stimulate oxidation of a reduced pollutant or an electron donor  is added to reduce oxidized pollutants (nitrate, perchlorate, oxidized metals, chlorinated solvents, explosives and propellants). In both these approaches, additional nutrients, vitamins, minerals, and pH buffers may be added to optimize conditions for the microorganisms. In some cases, specialized microbial cultures are added (bioaugmentation) to further enhance biodegradation. Some examples of bioremediation related technologiesare phytoremediationmycoremediationbioventingbioleachinglandfarmingbioreactorcompostingrhizofiltration, and bio stimulation.


  • Track 5-1Microbial bioremediation
  • Track 5-2Phytoremediation
  • Track 5-3Mycoremediation
  • Track 5-4Bioventing
  • Track 5-5Bioleaching
  • Track 5-6Landfarming
  • Track 5-7Bioreactor
  • Track 5-8Composting
  • Track 5-9Rhizofiltration
  • Track 5-10Bio Stimulation.

Environmental chemistry is the scientific study of the chemical and biochemical phenomena that occur in natural places. It should not be confused with green chemistry, which seeks to reduce potential pollution at its source. It can be defined as the study of the sources, reactions, transport, effects, and fates of chemical species in the airsoil, and water environments; and the effect of human activity and biological activity on these. Environmental chemistry is an interdisciplinary science that includes atmosphericaquatic and soil chemistry, as well as heavily relying on analytical chemistry and being related to environmental and other areas of science.


  • Track 6-1Environmental monitoring
  • Track 6-2Environmental indicators
  • Track 6-3Contamination
  • Track 6-4Environmental chemical toxicology
  • Track 6-5Soil chemistry

Marine debris, also known as marine litter, is human-created waste that has deliberately or accidentally been released in a sea or ocean. Floating oceanic debris tends to accumulate at the center of gyres and on coastlines, frequently washing aground, when it is known as beach litter or tidewrack. Deliberate disposal of wastes at sea is called ocean dumping. Naturally occurring debris, such as driftwood, are also present.

With the increasing use of plastichuman influence has become an issue as many types of plastics do not biodegradeWaterborne plastic poses a serious threat to fishseabirdsmarine reptiles, and marine mammals, as well as to boats and coasts. Dumping, container spillages, litter washed into storm drains and waterways and wind-blown landfill waste all contribute to this problem.


  • Track 7-1Marine reserves
  • Track 7-2High seas
  • Track 7-3The Antarctic
  • Track 7-4Sharks and Rays
  • Track 7-5Overfishing
  • Track 7-6Ending illegal, Unregulated and Unreported Fishing

biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary processes from biomass, rather than a fuel produced by the very slow geological processes involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as oil. Since biomass technically can be used as a fuel directly (e.g. wood logs), some people use the terms biomass and biofuel interchangeably. Often however, the word biomass simply denotes the biological raw material the fuel is made of, or some form of thermally/chemically altered solid product, like torrefied pellets or briquettes. The word biofuel is usually reserved for liquid or gaseous fuels, used for transportation. The EIA (U.S. Energy Information Administration) follow this naming practice. If the biomass used in the production of biofuel can regrow quickly, the fuel is generally considered to be a form of renewable energy.

Biofuels can be produced from plants (i.e. energy crops), or from agricultural, commercial, domestic, and/or industrial wastes (if the waste has a biological origin). Renewable biofuels generally involve contemporary carbon fixation, such as those that occur in plants or microalgae through the process of photosynthesis.


  • Track 8-1Generations of biofuel
  • Track 8-2Bio alcohols
  • Track 8-3Activation biofuel
  • Track 8-4Biodiesel
  • Track 8-5Bio ethers
  • Track 8-6Syngas
  • Track 8-7Solid biofuels
  • Track 8-8Advanced biofuels
  • Track 8-9Use of biofuels

Waste-to-energy (WtE) or energy-from-waste (EfW) is the process of generating energy in the form of electricity and/or heat from the primary treatment of waste, or the processing of waste into a fuel source. WtE is a form of energy recovery. Most WtE processes generate electricity and/or heat directly through combustion, or produce a combustible fuel commodity, such as methane, methanol, ethanol or synthetic fuels.


  • Track 9-1Incineration
  • Track 9-2Gasification
  • Track 9-3Thermal depolymerization
  • Track 9-4Pyrolysis
  • Track 9-5Plasma arc gasification
  • Track 9-6Anaerobic digestion
  • Track 9-7Fermentation production
  • Track 9-8Mechanical biological treatment (MBT)

Green technology (greentech) or clean technology is the application of one or more of environmental science, green chemistry, environmental monitoring and electronic devices to monitor, model and conserve the natural environment and resources, and to curb the negative impacts of human involvement. The term is also used to describe sustainable energy generation technologies such as photovoltaics, wind turbines, bioreactors, etc. Sustainable development is the core of environmental technologies. The term environmental technologies are also used to describe a class of electronic devices that can promote sustainable management of resources.


  • Track 10-1Green Industrial Technology
  • Track 10-2Green energy and social benefits
  • Track 10-3Green Energy in Transport
  • Track 10-4Green Buildings and Infrastructures
  • Track 10-5Green Power
  • Track 10-6Greening Urbanization and Urban Settlements

Farming waste is described as 'misuse from premises used for cultivation inside the significance of the Agriculture Act 1947, the Agriculture (Scotland) Act 1948 or the Agriculture Act (Northern Ireland) 1949'. Rustic practice covers all activities that can occur on a farm or croft and consolidates works out, for instance, slurry spreading, engineered and squander accumulating, silage making and waste pesticide exchange. The waste stream may consolidate an extent of things and materials that are not specific to agribusiness, for instance, packaging waste, tires, batteries, scrap equipment and oil. Additionally, there will be misuse that is more specific to the section, for instance, pesticide compartments, silage wrap etc.


  • Track 11-1Benefits of Agriculture waste recycling
  • Track 11-2Organic Waste in Agriculture
  • Track 11-3Agri waste Processing techniques
  • Track 11-4Environmental Protection by agriculture waste recycling

Waste management techniques are significant to farthest point or lessening the misfortune in condition and these will suit keep the earth clean. Regularly used waste organization methodology are Ocean Dumping, Sanitary Landfill, Incineration, Recycling, and Composting. Squander administration frameworks incorporates Mechanical and characteristic waste treatment, Mechanical orchestrating of misuses, Resource recovery from waste, Methods of Waste Disposal, Recovery and Recycling. Each one of these methodologies are useful to restrict the misfortune in nature anyway these are furthermore having a couple of purposes of intrigue and weights. Reusing is the best waste organization procedure among all these, and the advantage of reusing is imperative to giving a livable space to what's to come.


  • Track 12-1Mechanical and biological waste treatment
  • Track 12-2Mechanical sorting of wastes
  • Track 12-3 Innovative strategies for waste separation, recycling and recovery
  • Track 12-4Methods of Waste Disposal
  • Track 12-5Resource recovery from waste
  • Track 12-6scrap metal recycling
  • Track 12-7Hydropower

Solid waste administration, the social occasion, treating, and disposing of solid material that is discarded considering the way that it has filled its need or isn't any more significant. Uncalled for exchange of common solid waste can make unsanitary conditions, and these conditions in this manner can incite defilement of the earth and to scenes of vector-borne affliction that is, contaminations spread by rodents and frightening little animals. The errands of solid waste management show complex challenges. They moreover speak to a wide grouping of definitive, financial, and social issues that must be administered and unwound. Solid waste management is one among the principal thing organizations gave by metropolitan specialists in the country to keep urban concentrates clean.


  • Track 13-1Sustainable waste utilization & recycling methods
  • Track 13-2Municipal solid waste recycling
  • Track 13-3Waste handling and storage
  • Track 13-4Separation and processing
  • Track 13-5Solid waste treatment techniques

Water reusing can't avoid being reusing treated wastewater for supportive purposes, for instance, plant and scene water framework, present day systems, can flushing, and recharging a ground water bowl (suggested as ground water invigorate). Water reusing offers resource and cash related speculation reserves. Wastewater treatment can be uniquely crafted to meet the water quality essentials of an orchestrated reuse. Reused water for scene water framework requires less treatment than reused water for drinking water. Reused water can satisfy most water demands, if it is tastefully treated to ensure water quality fitting for the usage.


  • Track 14-1Impact of wastewater on environment
  • Track 14-2Regulations and guidelines of water reuse
  • Track 14-3Disposal of wastewater
  • Track 14-4Process of industrial wastewater recycling
  • Track 14-5Testing standards of wastewater

Waste is by and by an overall issue, and one that must be tended to disentangle the world's advantage and essentialness challenges. Plastics are delivered utilizing confined resources, for example, oil, and immense advances are being made in the headway of advances to reuse plastic waste among various resources. Mechanical reusing methodologies to make plastic things and feed stock reusing procedures that use plastic as an unrefined material in the creation business have been comprehensively received, and care has also created starting late of the centrality of Warm reusing as a technique for using plastics as an essentialness source to safeguard oil resources.


  • Track 15-1Bioplastics
  • Track 15-2Bag and film manufacturers
  • Track 15-3Plastic collectors and reclaimers
  • Track 15-4Plastics converters and compounders
  • Track 15-5Recycling of waste polymer

Paper is one the material that can be successfully reused. Reused paper can't avoid being paper that was created utilizing paper and paper things that has quite recently been used and recovered. People need to take as much time as is required and save the paper things with the objective that they can be reused. Paper reusing begins with us. We all in all need to exhibit our excitement for re-using to make it compelling. The Paper reusing activity can start at school, home, office, neighborhood gathering and even at drop off core interests. We in general need to appreciate what things can be reused before looking the reusing technique and how to fittingly set them up for the reusing.


  • Track 16-1Effects of recycling on pulp quality